UNDERSTANDING THE NATURAL BEAUTY OF A TREE'S WOOD GRAIN
Wood Grain can refer to a number of things, but it is most commonly associated with the way cells and fibres grow in a specific direction within the tree (wood cell/fibre orientation). These fibres are responsible for the visible pattern known as wood grain. The fibres are the remnants of longitudinal cells that die and leave behind a cell wall as the tree grows.
Vessel elements are long, irregular cells found in hardwoods. When vessel elements are cut, tiny hollows known as pores are formed, which have an effect on grain.
The way we cut affects the type of wood grain.
To fully comprehend the various patterns of wood grain, it is critical to investigate various sawing procedures. Different cutting methods produce three basic types of wood grains, curly, flat, and straight grain, as well as hundreds, if not thousands, of wood grain patterns. Some woods have almost no visible grain, such as basswood, whereas red oak has a lot. A woodworker must understand the various types of wood grain patterns when determining the market value of their finished product. It’s what gives each piece of wood its unique look and feel, and it can add to the item’s allure.
Wood grain determines the strength.
The strength of the wood is determined by its grain and how it is cut; wood that is cut vertically and with the grain is stronger. The stronger the wood, the straighter the grain, and the more even the grain, the greater its strength. Hardwood grains are classified into two types (open and closed grain). Whether the grain is open or closed is determined by the pores in the wood. Open grain has larger pores that are visible to the naked eye, whereas closed grain has smaller pores. The surface of closed grain wood is smoother.
Wood grain orientation affects hardness.
Some open grain woods will require the use of filler to achieve a smoother, flatter finish. The hardness of wood varies with grain orientation. Side hardness is measured using the top of a plank of wood, for example. It is also useful to know which species a specific block of wood belongs to. To understand all of its different forms, we need to understand how each pattern is created in depth. When a log, board, or block of wood is cut straight across, the end grain is visible. Cutting wood parallel to the grain and growth rings yields plain grain.
Quarter grain is made by cutting wood across the growth rings and parallel to the grain. Wood grain patterns and wood species are available in a variety of colours, patterns, and species that can make your home look magnificent and unique. It is, however, difficult to detect all of them on your own, so doing some research or consulting a professional is a good idea.
Wood is both natural and beautiful.
There is nothing more appealing than wood’s natural beauty. Hardwood flooring was once considered standard in every home. These floors were/are strong and long-lasting, but people began to cover them with carpet over time (a horrible idea). However, the newest home improvement trend is to expose the wood floors and let their natural beauty shine through.
Butternut, pine, oak, and other woods with large pores are examples of open-grained or coarse-grained woods. Certain types of wood absorb stain more quickly than the rest of the wood, giving it a blotchy appearance. Straight grain can be found in Western red cedar, redwood, cypress, poplar, and aspen. Elm can be figured, but white oak and beech are usually straight. Walnut grain patterns range from straight to patterned. Mahogany is typically straight-grained, but it can also have distinctive patterns such as blister, stripe, or mottle. Ash has a coarse grain with dark streaks on occasion.
Closed-grained or fine-grained wood has closely spaced growth rings. They easily absorb stains and do not splotch. Alder has a fairly straight grain with some variation in breadth. Maple, birch, and rosewood grain is typically modest and straight. The grain of hickory can be straight or patterned, whereas the grain of cherry and poplar is fine and straight. Because of its straight grain, pine is used for furniture and flooring. If you want to add a unique touch to a wood project, there are several ‘Figured’ woods to choose from. These remarkable characteristics are not restricted to a single tree species. Bird’s-eye wood’s dots, or dimples, resemble eyeballs. Fiddleback wood is distinguished by a series of ripples and is commonly used for violin backs.
Fungus produces spalted wood, which has black streaks running through it in various patterns. There are also quilt, silver, ribbon, burl, crotch, and curly figures available. Crotch wood is found where a tree’s trunk meets a large branch or another trunk. This section features swirls and motifs in the wood. Many exotic woods have unusual grain patterns. Zebrawood is distinguished by wide, sometimes whirling dark lines. Lacewood is an Australian wood that has the appearance of hammered copper. Tigerwood is a deep orange South American wood with striped grain that resembles tiger stripes. Cocobolo is a dark orange wood with a distinctive grain pattern and black stripes.
Because of its resistance to the elements, teak has a straight grain and is commonly used for outdoor furniture.